5 Biggest Environmental Problems

5 Biggest Environmental Problems

The Earth's environment has a significant impact on our capacity to maintain existence as we recognize it. Earth's natural resources are essential for all living creatures, and if human activity continues to degrade and overuse these resources, they might be fully exhausted or destroyed within years. A variety of environmental challenges have risen slightly to unprecedented heights, influencing economies and governments throughout the globe. Many nations are both experiencing from, and contributing to, the consequences of climate change. We'll examine how environmental issues throughout the world are being exacerbated and what the government can do to address them in the sections that follow.


Environmental pollution in the atmosphere and oceans is one of the biggest problems we can encounter today. Infrared radiation is reflected and re-emitted by atmospheric CO2, resulting in hotter air, vegetation, and sea surface waters, which is beneficial since the globe would otherwise be covered in ice. As a result, there is currently an abundance of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. And this is just a single of many environmental issues that our civilization faces daily. It has risen from 280 ppm (parts per million) of CO2 in the atmosphere to roughly 400 ppm now due to fossil fuel consumption, deforestation for cultivation, and industrial activity. In terms of both size and speed, this is a new record. If you have doubts about it, there are dozens of essay examples you can read online and verify our claims. 


Probably you have sometimes heard environmental news regarding deforestation. It’s the deliberate clearance of land that has been occupied by trees. Since the beginning of time, woods have been destroyed to create room for farming and livestock grazing and to gather wood for fuel, manufacture, and building. The world's landscapes have been profoundly affected by deforestation. And, every student should make sure to remember it, as it might shape their own future.

Approximately 2,000 years ago, 80% of West Europe was covered in forests; now, that percentage stands at only 34%  Between the 1600s and the 1870s, almost half of North America's eastern woods were cleared for timber and farmland. Over the last 4,000 years, China has lost vast swaths of its forest, and just around 20% of the country remains wooded. Due to massive road development, tropical rainforests are seeing the largest rate of deforestation nowadays.

Global Warming

Global warming is an active theme even in almost every university across the globe. Why? Because it’s related to each one of you. Over 4 million years ago, co2 levels on Earth were at the same level as they are now. Enhanced greenhouse emissions are exacerbating a rise in global temperatures that is resulting in natural catastrophes all over the world.

As education teaches us, climate change is making tropical disasters and other extreme weather events more common and powerful than they have ever been before. The world's temperature will increase even in the case all greenhouse gasses are instantly ceased.

Acid Rain

Acid rain is a term that each college should implement in their curriculum, as some individuals sometimes get it wrong. As a general phrase, the word "acid rain" refers to any precipitation that contains acidic constituents such as sulphuric or nitric acid and that falls to the ground as wet or dry particles from the sky. For example, corrosive precipitation (such as hail or fog) or even acidic dust might be included in this category.

Pollutants like SO2 and NOx are discharged into the atmosphere, where they may travel great distances in the shape of acid droplets. In the form of dust, rain, snow, and other forms of precipitation, these acidic particles make their way to the earth's surface where they may wreak havoc on the environment.

Ocean Acidification

Species including oysters and reefs, which need calcium and carbonate from saltwater to build hard shells and skeletons, are already being affected by ocean acidification. You can write an essay about it easily, only if you’re interested and well-informed enough. It reduces the number of carbonate ions (CO32-) available for calcium-forming organisms to construct and sustain their shells, bones as well as other carbonate ions constructions as the number of carbonate ions accessible decreases. 


A rising number of human operations are placing the Earth's ecological balance in jeopardy, which is well-known. These concerns must be solved quickly if the planet is to continue to be a suitable environment for people and the environment that sustain such sophisticated life.